WHEN TO PLANT
Garlic can be planted in the spring in some areas but the best time to plant would be in the fall. that give you the largest and healthiest gralic when you harvest it the next summer. there are different planting times according to where you live.
Garlic should be planted about several weeks before the ground freezes solid in the colder areas this is generally sometime in late October and early November.
this will help the garlic to establish some roots and also a decent amount of top growth so that the garlic can have a good start can have a good start in the spring but not too much that it would be killed in the winter snow and freezing temperatures. Top will start to grow when the temperatures is over 40 degrees. we live in Pennsylvania and have found that when we try Turbun variety, that often grow better in warmer climates, that we have to plant those very last at the possibly moment so that they will still be growing in the ground during the cold months of february and march.
WHERE TO PLANT
Garlic should be planted in full sun with a comfortable space for people to weed and stand between rows. Rocks should be removed from the first 6” from the planting area. Raised beds can be used in soil that does not drain well. We have a much heavier clay soil where we are and so we plant in raised beds that have 6 rows with about 6-10” between rows. We are also looking into having more space between them for better drainage and room for each one to grow in a less crowded space. It will all depend on the type of soil you have and the amount of space you have available for planting. More on this can be found on the Soil Preparation and Fertilization page.