Softneck Garlic (Allium sativum ssp. sativum) is a much more milder and general garlic. It is often what you find in grocery stores. Two subspecies of softneck garlic is Artichoke and Silverskin. These garlics are large bulbed and grow very well in a wide range of climates and soils. They are the easiest to grow. They may or may not produce bulbils and most likely do not produce a scape. These types of garlic usually produce more cloves per bulb for an example of eight to twenty and they can have many inner cloves. These garlics also can store a lot longer than the hardneck varieties and can with good storing conditions they can store for a year. They are also the kind you would use to form a braid. There are a few brands that can mimic hardneck and a very cold winter might cause this but it is a very small minority.

Artichokes seem to be the most commonly grown garlic in North America. Artichokes have on average pale green leaves. They mature earlier than most garlics. They do not have any flower stalks although in some climates it can happen on a few. These have large bulbs which can be around 3” with off white or yellow white or even purple blush. They are mostly white but can have some pink blush.

Elephant Garlic is actually not a true garlic but a leek. However it does look like very enormous garlic that has cloves with a very mild taste of garlic flavor that can also be slightly bitter. It is often times used in Asian dishes like stir fry and its seed stalk is used as well for Asian dishes and can be found more and more in specialty stores.

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